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10月1日北美地区新SAT考试真题回忆

2016-10-10来源: 互联网浏览量:
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  10月份的北美地区新SAT考试已经落下帷幕,小编特意为大家整理了北美新SAT考试真题回忆,希望对大家的考试备考有所帮助。   一、试卷整体难度   本次北美考试的难度相较于亚太基本持平,语法比亚太稍稍难一些。请各位家长和同学们注意,很多时候我们说一套卷子比另一套卷子简单或难,只是一种整体的感觉,实际上即使一套卷子简单,也并不是说考了简单的卷子就占优势了。   因为最后在算分的时候,CB会结合整体试题难度进行正太分布和分数调整。所以做到难度大的卷子对于好学生来说更加占便宜,因为他的容错率就变高了;而做到简单卷子对于程度较差的学生也并不是什么优势,因为大家的错误率普遍减少,因此错了一个可能分数扣得会更多。   举个例子,5月份的亚太卷子语法部分错4个,扣了30分,而6月份的亚太语法错3个就要扣50分了。所以大家单独比较两套的难易,以及以为自己做到了简单的卷子占了便宜的想法是不正确的,最后的分数调整反而可能让你大失所望。当然,笔者并不是想危言耸听,只是以正视听。   从同学们的回馈来看,北美的数学部分这次要比亚太难一些,很多题目叙述较长。因此阅读能力较薄弱的同学,还是需要注意多进行长型阅读题目的练习。   二、阅读   本次文章的难度和OG上的后面几套题比较接近,阅读整体难度感觉和五六月份差别不大。这些内容和文章主题对于11月份和12月份的考试仍然具有借鉴意义。北美的这次考试出题是中规中矩的,同学们只要按部就班的复习,将OG和可汗学院的文章吃透,就没有问题。   第一篇:小说   来自GeorgeEliot的SilasMarner。该选段讲的是Silas去淘金,讲一个weaver收养了一个小孩然后这个小孩怎么逐渐影响他使他逐渐脱离对gold的贪恋并且从中获得满满的幸福感的故事,难度和OG持平。   原文链接:http://www.pagebypagebooks.com/George_Eliot/Silas_Marner/PART_ONE_Chapter_XIV_p6.html   部分原文节选:   As the child's mind was growing into knowledge, his mind was growing into memory: as her life unfolded, his soul, long stupefied in a cold narrow prison, was unfolding too, and trembling gradually into full consciousness.   It was an influence which must gather force with every new year: the tones that stirred Silas's heart grew articulate, and called for more distinct answers; shapes and sounds grew clearer for Eppie's eyes and ears, and there was more that "Dad-dad" was imperatively required to notice and account for. Also, by the time Eppie was three years old, she developed a fine capacity for mischief, and for devising ingenious ways of being troublesome, which found much exercise, not only for Silas's patience, but for his watchfulness and penetration. Sorely was poor Silas puzzled on such occasions by the incompatible demands of love. Dolly Winthrop told him that punishment was good for Eppie, and that, as for rearing a child without making it tingle a little in soft and safe places now and then, it was not to be done.   "To be sure, there's another thing you might do, Master Marner," added Dolly, meditatively: "you might shut her up once i' the coal-hole. That was what I did wi' Aaron; for I was that silly wi' the youngest lad, as I could never bear to smack him. Not as I could find i' my heart to let him stay i' the coal-hole more nor a minute, but it was enough to colly him all over, so as he must be new washed and dressed, and it was as good as a rod to him--that was. But I put it upo' your conscience, Master Marner, as there's one of 'em you must choose--ayther smacking or the coal-hole-- else she'll get so masterful, there'll be no holding her."   第二篇:社会科学 10月1日北美地区新SAT考试真题回忆   讲科技发展对于工作数量的影响,中心观点是在科技的影响下,人均工作效率变高了,但是工作的人的数量大幅度减少。难度和OG持平。   原文链接:   https://www.technologyreview.com/s/515926/how-technology-is-destroying-jobs/   部分原文节选:   Given his calm and reasoned academicdemeanor, it is easy to miss just how provocative Erik Brynjolfsson’scontention really is. ­Brynjolfsson, a professor at the MIT Sloan School ofManagement, and his collaborator and coauthor Andrew McAfee have been arguingfor the last year and a half that impressive advances in computertechnology—from improved industrial robotics to automated translationservices—are largely behind the sluggish employment growth of the last 10 to 15years. Even more ominous for workers, the MIT academics foresee dismalprospects for many types of jobs as these powerful new technologies areincreasingly adopted not only in manufacturing, clerical, and retail work butin professions such as law, financial services, education, and medicine.   That robots, automation, and software canreplace people might seem obvious to anyone who’s worked in automotive manufacturingor as a travel agent. But Brynjolfsson and McAfee’s claim is more troubling andcontroversial. They believe that rapid technological change has been destroyingjobs faster than it is creating them, contributing to the stagnation of medianincome and the growth of inequality in the United States. And, they suspect,something similar is happening in other technologically advanced countries.   第三篇:自然科学 10月1日北美地区新SAT考试真题回忆   讲鸟类迁徙时的V字型对列。科学家利用数据收集器跟踪了它们的飞行并进行了分析。难度比OG大,像是khan level 3-4的文章。   原文链接:   http://m.huffpost.com/us/entry/4609100   部分原文节选:   Anyone watching the autumn sky knows that migrating birds fly in a V formation, but scientists have long debated why. A new study of ibises finds that these big-winged birds carefully position their wingtips and sync their flapping, presumably to catch the preceding bird’s updraft—and save energy during flight.   There are two reasons birds might fly in a V formation: It may make flight easier, or they’re simply following the leader. Squadrons of planes can save fuel by flying in a V formation, and many scientists suspect that migrating birds do the same. Models that treated flapping birds like fixed-wing airplanes estimate that they save energy by drafting off each other, but currents created by airplanes are far more stable than the oscillating eddies coming off of a bird. “Air gets pretty darn wiggy behind a flapping wing,” says James Usherwood, a locomotor biomechanist at the Royal Veterinary College at the University of London in Hatfield, where the research took place.   第四篇:历史双对比   又是建国纲要的双篇文章,考察的是女权问题。一篇文章认为男女应该坚持他们的社会角色,这样社会才能顺畅发展;而另一篇认为,机会应该给最有能力最qualified的人,而不分性别。明显两篇文章的观点相反,观点还是比较容易看出来的。   这两篇文章,一篇是Tocqueville的论美国的民主(DemocracyinAmerica),另一篇是Harriet Taylor Mill的enfranchisement of women,和khan以及OG上女权相关文章挺类似。   第五篇:自然科学 10月1日北美地区新SAT考试真题回忆   主要讲了Higgs Field的假设如何解决了质量的来源这个问题,文章从讲科学定理本身转而讨论了科学假设从提出到被接受的过程。   原文链接:   http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/how-the-higgs-boson-was-found-4723520/   部分原文节选:   A famous story in the annals of physics tells of a 5-year-old Albert Einstein, sick in bed, receiving a toy compass from his father. The boy was both puzzled and mesmerized by the invisible forces at work, redirecting the compass needle to point north whenever its resting position was disturbed. That experience, Einstein would later say, convinced him that there was a deep hidden order to nature, and impelled him to spend his life trying to reveal it.   Although the story is more than a century old, the conundrum young Einstein encountered resonates with a key theme in contemporary physics, one that’s essential to the most important experimental achievement in the field of the last 50 years: the discovery, a year ago this July, of the Higgs boson.   三、语法   整体难度较高,对逻辑的考察非常严密,一些语法类的考点也不是一眼就能看出来的,而且本人觉得连词考察较难比如考了accordingly之类的平时遇到的较少的词语,考了so far as等固定搭配。   在11月考试之前,对于成绩260—310区间的同学,希望你把所有重点知识点对应的错题整理出来,积极模考,保证下次考试能把稳定出题的点都拿到分,那么进步空间还是很大的;对于已有基础320+,想冲350+的同学,可以在吃透OG和khan的情况下选择去刷PAST、Kallis、巴郎、IVY等所谓的“怪题”。   四、数学   北美的数学部分这次要比亚太难一些,很多题目叙述较长。因此阅读能力较薄弱的同学,还是需要注意多进行长型阅读题目的练习。   数学的备考整个过程,建议各位同学先知识点的学习和查漏补缺,此时单项的练习很重要,做到不再有不会的知识点,做题不能再出现不认识的概念、记不清公式以及记住公式但不会使用的情况。然后再进行套题的训练,在这一过程,要应对所有知识点的综合考察,同样还有时间的把控。之后就静心坚持刷题,而且要去刷一些难度大的题目最佳此时可选择可汗模拟四套,kallis六套。   五、写作   北美区10月的考试题与亚太区的考试题出题的方向相似,都是关注文化领域的话题,一个把焦点集中在提倡阅读书籍方面,一个则重点探讨图书馆保留的问题。   北美区阅读材料主旨为:   Public libraries are important and should remain open   全文解析如下:   Adapted from Zadie Smith, “The North West London Blues.” 2012 by NYREV, Inc. Originally published June 2, 2012. Writer Zadie Smith wrote the following piece in response to news that several local libraries in the greater London area, including Kensal Rise and Willesden Green Libraries, would be closed down.   1 What kind of a problem is a library? It’s clear that for many people it is not a problem at all, only a kind of obsolescence. At the extreme pole of this view is the technocrat’s total faith: with every book in the world online, what need could there be for the physical reality? This kind of argument thinks of the library as a function rather than a plurality of individual spaces. But each library is a different kind of problem and “the Internet” is no more a solution for all of them than it is their universal death knell. Each morning I struggle to find a seat in the packed university library in which I write this, despite the fact every single student in here could be at home in front of their macbook browsing Google Books….Kensal Rise is being closed not because it is unpopular but because it is unprofitable, this despite the fact that the friends of Kensal Rise library are willing to run their library themselves…. Meanwhile it is hard not to conclude that Willesden Green is being mutilated not least because the members of the council see the opportunity for a sweet real estate deal.   功能:思辨式开篇   策略:analogy, question, comparison,ethos   解析:作者在开篇用思辨方法对现行关闭图书馆的政策进行探讨。先通过一个问题引发读者对图书管功能的思考,然后通过对比展现图书馆具备了电子产品无法取代的 优势,最后把矛头指向关闭图书馆的真正目的。   2 All libraries have a different character and setting. Some are primarily for children or primarily for students, or the general public, primarily full of books or microfilms or digitized material or with a café in the basement or a market out front. Libraries are not failing “because they are libraries.” Neglected libraries get neglected, and this cycle, in time, provides the excuse to close them. Well-run libraries are filled with people because what a good library offers cannot be easily found elsewhere: an indoor public space in which you do not have to buy anything in order to stay.   功能:思辨说理,给出理由   策略:example   解析:作者认为图书馆的优势之一就是其多功能性,并列举出图书馆的多种功能和用途,向读者展示其独特性。   3 In the modern state there are very few sites where this is possible…. It would seem the most obvious thing in the world to say that the reason why the market is not an efficient solution to libraries is because the market has no use for a library. But it seems we need, right now, to keep re-stating the obvious. There aren’t many institutions left that fit so precisely Keynes’s definition of things that no one else but the state is willing to take on. Nor can the experience of library life be recreated online. It’s not just a matter of free books. A library is a different kind of social reality (of the three dimensional kind), which by its very existence teaches a system of values beyond the fiscal.   功能:思辨说理,给出理由   策略:comparison,pathos   解析:作者认为图书馆是无法用市场来衡量的一种社会实体,并通过反驳思辨的思维来解释这一观点。   4 I don’t think the argument in favor of libraries is especially ideological or ethical. I would even agree with those who say it’s not especially logical. I think for most people it’s emotional. Not logos or ethos but pathos. This is not a denigration: emotion also has a place in public policy. We’re humans, not robots. The people protesting the closing of Kensal Rise Library love that library. They were open to any solution on the left or on the right if it meant keeping their library open…. A library is one of those social goods that matter to people of many different political attitudes. All that the friends of Kensal Rise and Willesden Library and similar services throughout the country are saying is: these places are important to us. We get that money is tight, we understand that there is a hierarchy of needs, and that the French Market or a Mark Twain plaque are not hospital beds and classroom size. But they are still a significant part of our social reality, the only thing left on the high street that doesn’t want either your soul or your wallet.   功能:情感呼吁   策略:pathos,diction,analogy   解析:作者从情感的角度激发读者对图书馆的重视,通过强烈的语气和措辞让反对者更明白图书馆对群众的重大意义。   5 If the losses of private companies are to be socialized within already struggling communities the very least we can do is listen to people when they try to tell us where in the hierarchy of their needs things like public space, access to culture, and preservation of environment lie. “But I never use the damn things!” says Mr. Notmytaxes, under the line. Sir, I believe you. However. British libraries received over 300 million visits last year, and this despite the common neglect of the various councils that oversee them. In North West London people are even willing to form human chains in front of them. People have taken to writing long pieces in newspapers to “defend” them. Just saying the same thing over and over again. Defend our libraries. We like libraries. Can we keep our libraries? We need to talk about libraries. Pleading, like children. Is that really where we are?   功能:总结全文,情感呼吁   策略:pathos,rhetorical question,statistics,example   解析:用更加强烈的情感呼吁和质疑式的辩驳来总结全文,提出保护图书馆诉求。   写作部分的备考过程,建议同学们一个是要有大量的阅读量的积累,我们一直强调的“得阅读者,得天下”。但要想有效提升写作能力,不要纯纯的阅读,每篇文章练习过后,对段落的分层、对写作手法的二度分析是不容忽视的环节。同时,临近考试的考生,一定要进行模考,有时间意识和紧迫感,练习整篇文章的写作。   推荐阅读2016年10月1日SAT考试大揭秘

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