欢迎来到娱乐老虎机教育,美国留学解决方案引领者!

  1. 首页
  2. 限时免费领书
  3. 免费评估
  4. 少年行
  5. 满分网
  6. 各地分公司
  7. 商务合作
2016录取捷报
  1. 80%的学生进入美国前50名校美国高端留学解决方案引领者
GRE首页GRE动态GRE备考GRE机经GRE提分案例GRE填空GRE写作GRE阅读GRE数学GRE词汇GRE真题资料下载|GRE考试提分课程学习规划活动规划

双语阅读 青年与民主:早投票 多选举

2018-01-10来源: 经济学人浏览量:
分享到:
   Youth and Democracy: Vote early, Vote often   青年与民主:早投票,多选举   Why the voting age should be lowered to 16?   为什么选举年龄应该降低至16岁?   How young is too young?   到底几岁才算太年轻?   Rich democracies give different answers, depending on the context: in New Jersey you can buyalcohol at 21 and cigarettes at 19, join the army at 17, have sex at 16 and be tried in court asan adult at 14.   发达的民主国家给出了不同的答案,取决于事项的不同:在新泽西州,年龄达到21岁可以买酒,19岁可以买烟,17岁可以参军,16岁可以有性生活,14岁就可以被当作成年人出庭受审。   Such thresholds vary wildly from place to place.   类似这样的门槛不同地方有较大差异。   Belgian youngsters can get sozzled legally at 16.   比利时的年轻人在16岁就可以合法饮酒。   But on one thing most agree: only when you have turned 18 can you vote.   但是在一件事上大多数国家都是一致的:只有年满18岁才有选举权。   When campaigners suggest lowering the voting age, the riposte is that 16- and 17-year-oldsare too immature.   当人们宣传建议降低投票年龄时,反对的人说16、7岁的年轻人还太不成熟。   This misses the real danger: that growing numbers of young people may not vote at all.   这会使人们忽视真正的危险:越来越多的年轻人可能根本不再去投票。   The trend across the West is disturbing.   整个西方的这种趋势很令人不安。   Turnout of American voters under 25 at presidential elections fell from 50% in 1972 to 38% in2012; among over-65s it rose from 64% to 70% (data for the 2016 election are not yetavailable).   25岁以下的美国选民参与总统选举的投票比例从1972年的50%降到2012年的38%;超过65岁的选民的投票比例由64%增长到70%(2016年的选举数据还未公布)。   For congressional races, the under-25 vote was a dire 17% in 2014.   2014年的国会议员选举,25岁以下的选民的投票比例只占寥寥17%。   A similar pattern is repeated across the rich world.   类似的模式正在发达国家不断重现。   Young people’s disenchantment with the ballot box matters because voting is a habit: thosewho do not take to it young may never start.   年轻人对民主投票的觉醒至关重要,因为投票是一种习惯,那些没有投票习惯的年轻人或许永远不会开始投票。   That could lead to ever-lower participation rates in decades to come, draining the legitimacyof governments in a vicious spiral in which poor turnout feeds scepticism towardsdemocracy, and vice versa.   这样会使参与度逐年走低,使政府的合法性陷入恶性循环,因为低投票率会滋生对于民主的怀疑,反过来这种怀疑又造成低投票率。   The disillusionment has many causes. The young tend to see voting as a choice rather than aduty (or, indeed, a privilege).   这种幻灭的产生有多种原因。年轻人往往将投票视为一种选择而非义务(或者说,这事实上是一种特权)。   The politically active tend to campaign on single issues rather than for a particular party.   政治活动家倾向于就单一问题进行宣传,而不是为某一特定的政党进行宣传。   Politicians increasingly woo older voters—not only because they are more likely to vote but alsobecause they make up a growing share of the electorate.   政客们越来越多地拉拢年长的投票者,因为年长选民不仅更有可能投票,而且人数在选区中占的比例越来越大。   Many young people see elections stacked against them.   很多年轻人都觉得选举对他们不利。   It is no surprise, then, that many of them turn away from voting.   所以毫无意外的很多年轻人都不去投票。   Some countries make voting compulsory, which increases turnout rates.   一些国家施行强制投票制以增加投票率。   But that does not deal with the underlying disillusionment.   但是对选举的期待终会破灭,强制的做法对此无能为力。   Governments need to find ways to rekindle the passion, rather than continue to ignore itsabsence.   政府需要找到新方法重新点燃选民的热情,而不是继续不顾选民低沉的士气。   A good step would be to lower the voting age to 16, ensuring that new voters get off to thebest possible start   一个有益的做法是把投票年龄降低到16岁,这能确保新选民能在最好的状态下开始投票。   This would be no arbitrary change.   这并非是未经深思熟虑而做出的改变。   The usual threshold of 18 means that young people’sfirst chance to vote often coincides with finishingcompulsory education and leaving home.   投票门槛通常为十八岁,这意味着年轻人第一次拥有投票机会时往往正好完成义务教育并离开家门。   Away from their parents, they have no establishedvoters to emulate and little connection to their newcommunities.   由于远离父母,他们投票时不能跟随老选民,并且他们与新社区之间也没有多强的纽带。   As they move around, they may remain off the electoral roll.   随着他们四处奔波,他们也许会一直都不去投票。   Sixteen-year-olds, by contrast, can easily be added to it and introduced to civic life at homeand school.   相反,十六岁的青少年可以很容易地注册进入投票名单,并在家庭或学校接受公民生活教育。   They can pick up the voting habit by accompanying their parents to polling stations.   通过陪同父母前往投票站,这些小选民可以养成投票习惯。   In Scotland, where 16- and 17-year-olds were eligible to vote in the independencereferendum in 2014, an impressive three-quarters of those who registered turned out on theday, compared with 54% of 18- to 24-year-olds.   在苏格兰,十六七岁的公民有资格在2014年的独立公投中投票,在注册者中有四分之三的人在投票当天完成投票,这个比率令人印象深刻。十八至二十四岁的注册者投票率为54%。   In 2007 Austria became the only rich country where 16-year-olds could vote in all elections.   在2007年,奥地利成为发达国家中唯一一个十六岁公民可以在所有选举中投票的国家。   Encouragingly, turnout rates for under-18s are markedly higher than for 19- to 25-year-olds.   令人鼓舞的是,十八岁以下的公民投票率明显要高于十九至二十五岁的人。   Merely lowering the voting age is not enough, however.   然而,仅仅是降低法定投票年龄是不够的。   Youth participation in Scotland might have been still higher if more schools had helpedregister pupils.   如果更多学校帮助注册未成年选民,苏格兰青年参与程度可能还会更高。   Governments also need to work harder at keeping electoral rolls current.   政府还需要努力时时更新选举名单。   Some are experimenting with automatic updates whenever a citizen notifies a public body of achange of address.   有些人尝试在公民通知公共机构自己的地址变更时进行信息自动更新。   Civics lessons can be improved.   公民教育课也还有改进空间。   Courses that promote open debate and give pupils a vote in aspects of their school lives aremore likely to boost political commitment later in life than those that present dry facts aboutthe mechanics of government.   那些鼓励公开辩论、鼓励未成年人就学校生活事宜发起投票的课程,比干巴巴地讲解政府机制的课程更有可能促进学生在以后的生活中承担政治义务。   A lower voting age would strengthen the voice of the young and signal that their opinionsmatter.   投票年龄的降低将加强年轻人的声音,并向他们表明他们的观点是受到重视的。   It is they, after all, who will bear the brunt of climate change and service the debt that paid forbenefits, such as pensions and health care, of today’s elderly.   毕竟是年轻人们将忍受气候变化的冲击并且偿还那些利益所支付的债务,比如老年人的退休金以及医疗保健费用。   Voting at 16 would make it easier to initiate new citizens in civic life.   在16岁的时候参与投票更易于让这些新公民开启公民生活。   Above all, it would help guarantee the supply of young voters needed to preserve thevitality of democracy.   最重要的是,这将有助于源源不断提供年轻选民,他们是保持民主的活力所必需的。   Catch them early, and they will grow into better citizens.   早早开始吸引他们投票,他们就会长成更好的公民。     重点词组:   1.depending on 依靠;依赖   例句:I tend to have a different answer, dependingon the family.   根据家庭的不同,我往往会给出不同的答案。   2.make up 组成   例句:I think it's very unkind of you to make up stories about him.   我认为你编造他的谣言很不厚道。   3.deal with 处理;应付   例句:When I worked in Florida I dealt with British people all the time   在佛罗里达工作时,我总与英国人有生意往来。   4.get off 动身;脱下;下车   例句:Excuse me, I have to get off at the next stop.   劳驾,我必须在下一站下车。   5.move around 四处奔波   例句:Young people do move around the countryquite a bit these days.   现在,年轻人的确经常来往于国内各地。   6.health care 医疗保健   例句:He's already solicited their support on health care reform.   他已就医疗改革问题请求他们的支持。   7.turned out 证明是;结果是   例句:It turned out she was shacked up with a lawyer in New York.   原来她在纽约和一名律师同居了。   8.pick up 接人;捡起;学习   例句:We drove to the airport the next morning to pick up Susan.   我们第二天早晨开车去机场接苏姗。     相关推荐:   双语阅读 女性权利 游行抗议   双语阅读 韩国的不公平:精英教育   双语阅读 爱尔兰贸易 更贵的一品脱

本文关键字:GRE阅读备考,GRE考试高分,GRE阅读材料,GRE双语阅读
编辑: Xue
分享到:
我要咨询

关注娱乐老虎机

娱乐老虎机教育
ID:zmnedu
美国留学方案引领者
因为专业 所以出色
美国留学快报
ID:liuxuekuaibao
传递美国留学最新动态
美国大学申请技巧

抢占美国TOP50名校入学名额,先人一步提前规划,免费申请高端美国留学方案!

X
X验证码已发送到您的手机,请确认
X您的信息提交成功,稍后娱乐老虎机教育留学申请专家会与您联系,请保持手机畅通。
娱乐老虎机