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ACT常考语法剖析及备考建议

2018-03-16来源: 互联网浏览量:
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  ACT语法以文章改错为考察形式,以记叙文、传记说明文考试等体裁出现,考察学生对基础语法知识和语篇的衔接与连贯的掌控能力。   ACT语法的考察分为两条主线:语篇修辞(35题)和基础语法(40题)。   语篇修辞上主要考察学生如何拓展自己的观点,如何把握句间逻辑关系去组织段落,以及如何在句法层面的遣词造句。   基础语法上主要考察学生如何分析长难句,如何结合句子结构使用标点以及如何把握每类词的语法功能。具体的考题占比如图所示:   但是无论是考察句子连接还是句间逻辑关系,ACT语法都会涉及连词、介词、副词知识的考察。每次ACT语法的75道题目,涉及这类知识的题目大多会在5~8个左右。   今天小编带大家从三个方面对语法进行梳理,希望对大家有所帮助。   一、按照词性作用分类:并列连词和主从连词。   并列连词   连接的句子之间都地位平等,可独立存在。   典型代表:   and, but, or, for, yet, so, nor,either or, neither nor, and then   主从连词   连接主句和从句,句子之间地位不平等,从句不可单独存在。   典型代表:   when, while, as, since, until,before, after   because, so that, whereas,although, even though/if/as(注意even so是副词)   if, as if, unless, in case, once,as long as   副词   副词后不能接任何词。   典型代表:   also, then, even, still,meanwhile, instead,indeed   thus, therefore, thereafter,hence   however, nevertheless,nonetheless, even so(注意even though/if/as是连词)。   介词   介词后必须接名词。   典型代表:   despite, because of, concerning, like,unlike   常考介词:   across   1.横过:I swim across the river.   2.在…对面,另一边:I liveacross the street.   along   1.沿着:I walk along the river.   2. along with=together with:和…一起   3.向前(副词):The project has already movedquite along.   at   1.对准:The boy threw a stone at the bird.   2.以…的速度:at the rate/speed/pace   二、按照常考的逻辑关系分类:时间,原因,结果,让步,转折,补充说明,条件,比较......
逻辑关系 连词 副词 介词
时间 when, while, as, before, after, since, till,  until, as soon as, by the time(before) then, eventually, ultimately, before long, soon, in time(最终)  
原因 because, since, as, for,in that, inasmuch as, seeing  that/as due to, owing to, because of, thanks to, on account  of  
结果 so, so that, such that thus, therefore, thereafter, hence, accordingly,  consequently, as a result  
让步 although, though, even though/if/as, while, no  matter when/where even so despite, in spite of, for all
转折 but, whereas however, nonetheless, conversely, nevertheless,  still, yet, on the other hand, instead(相反的)  
条件 if, as if, unless, as long as, in case, once,  assuming/provided that    
补充说明   also, furthermore, moreover, additionally, besides as well as, apart from
强调   indeed, certainly, of course  
关于     concerning, regarding, with regards to, with respect  to, with reference to
比较   in contrast, by comparison, similarly, likewise(同样的) like, unlike, as opposed to, be similar to, the same  as
解释   namely, that is, in other words  
与此同时   at the same time, in the mean time, meanwhile,  
  三、多重词性的高频考点:though,since, for, as, so, yet, then
though
主从连词 Though Lily tried hard, she failed the test. (虽然)
副词 Lily ran into a car accident. Fortunately, though,  she survived. (但是)
though
主从连词 Though Lily tried hard, she failed the test. (虽然)
副词 Lily ran into a car accident. Fortunately, though,  she survived. (但是)
for
并列连词 I locked the door, for I was afraid of thieves. (因为)
介词 I bought these gifts for you. (为了)
as
主从连词 As Lily grew older, she grew richer.(当—时) As she is sick, she can’t go out. (因为)
介词 Lily works as a pilot. (作为) In the book Lily was portrayed as a victim. (如同)
so
并列连词 It’s Sunday, so the shops are shut. (因此)
副词 He is French, and so is she. (so引导的倒装,表示“也”) They asked me to call them, and I did so. (如此,指以前提到的事情)
then
副词 We will then start the next project. (然后) We were stupid then. (当时)
形容词 People were freed from the then dictator. (当时的)
yet
副词 We are young yet. (仍然) The noise grew yet louder. (甚至) She is so strong and yet so gentle. (不过)
主从连词 It’s a small apartment, yet it’s surprisingly  spacious. (然而)
  对于不同考生是有不同的备考建议的:   如果初始模考分数低于20分,说明学生的语法基础较弱,词汇量欠缺,同时完全不了解ACT英语的出题规律。   对于这种类型的学生,一定要通过基础语法课程,了解英语句子的基本结构。很多学生连主谓宾、定状补的基本概念都没有树立,这方便的知识必须补。不能借口说“我的语法一直很糟糕”,就不用心学习。   如果初始模考分数在20分-24分左右,说明学生有一定的语法基础,词汇量基本能满足考试要求,但是不熟悉ACT英语的解题技巧。对于这部分学生,需要系统学习ACT英语所要求的重要语法知识和修辞的各种解题方法和技巧。   如果初始模考分数在25、26分以上,但是很难稳定在30分以上,说明学生的语法基础较好,语感好,词汇量可以满足考试要求,但是仍然存在一定的知识盲点。我们可以从英语部分的标点符号、修辞部分着手。增强自己的语感,不断解题,不断发现自己的错误,快速识别高难度的考点。

本文关键字:ACT语法,ACT文章改错,ACT备考建议
编辑: qian
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